Peritoneum is a permanent, prolong transparent membrane which covers the abdominal organs. These organs are also known as viscera. Peritoneum serves as the viscera main support, providing a pathway for lymph. It looks like a thin layer of tissue. When this layer gets inflamed, peritonitis takes place. This situation is caused by the serious bacterial infection. It is the outcome of the abdominal trauma. A medical device may be another reason for the health condition to happen. On the whole, the disease is severe, and it usually requires a quick medical solution and proper care, including the surgery.