Pporphyria is a rather rare disorder, which influences the body skin or entire nervous system. It belongs to the group of inherited disorders. It means that the problem is passed by the ‘bad genes.’ This element is necessary for the proper work of hemoglobin. On the other hand, when the person has a high level of porphyria, it causes certain negative effects. The acute type of this health condition attacks nervous system while the cutaneous one deals with the skin.
Acute porphyria attacks the nervous system. As a result, the patient experiences the conservation of the excessive fluid amount in the stomach. It causes a swelling sensation. Because of the problems with the abdomen, the digestive tract also suffers. The person has problematic bowel movements such as diarrhea, constipation, and bloating. The doctors report about having regular pains in the chest and muscles. Overall, the person feels extra weak and sick. The extremities are running out of energy. Such patients often wake up at night, being unable to take the pain any longer. In the end, they become paranoid and extremely anxious without any obvious reasons.
What exactly causes porphyria? The porphyria is inherited meaning it is passed via genes. It does not mean, however, the individual cannot gain the disease during the lifetime. In most cases, the patient inherits the ‘bad’ gene just from one parent. As for the other causes, the list includes alcohol beverages, external infections, viruses, specific hormonal changes, dangerous medications, and sunlight. The causes also predetermine the type of hepatic form of porphyria. This type can be divided into the acute, hereditary, variegated, and aminolevulinic acid dehydratase deficiency.