Let’s say, the infected flea or rat bite someone. The signs of endemic typhus progress within 1-2 weeks. The infection starts evolving in the body immediately, but such thing as fever can be noticed in a week only. The temperature of the body is usually extra high. The patients may feel extreme headaches. They feel like vomiting all the time. They lose their appetite as well as a lot of water, which can be explained by the facts of diarrhea. In addition to these symptoms, malaise takes place. The visual effect is the reddish spots that form a rash (develops in a week or less). The attacked regions are the chest and abdomen. It may be followed by a cough. Only two percent of patients used to die.
As less than 2% died from typhus, it is obvious that it is possible to define the disease timely and get rid of the nasty infection. The doctor will conduct several tests to identify the source of illness. Those are skin biopsy, Western blot, different blood exams, and immunofluorescence examination. First, the physician takes a sample of body’s surface. Then, fluorescent dyes might be useful to find the bacteria. Finally, simple blood test assists in stating the diagnosis properly.
Instead of treating, try to avoid this problem by following several simple tips. Mostly, the recommendations are associated with the simple norms of hygiene. The mites usually do not attack people who stick to the rules of elementary hygiene like regular hand washing. People should also look after a number of rodents. Through controlling its population, it is possible to prevent the reproduction of bacteria carriers. Do not visit areas of the Rickettsia bacteria proliferation. In the regions with high threats, people may use chemoprophylaxis with doxycycline.