Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Symptoms, Prognosis, and Treatment: A Comprehensive Guide

Diagnosing Chronic Myeloid Leukemia:

Proper and timely diagnosis of CML is crucial for effective management. Healthcare professionals use a combination of methods to diagnose the condition, including:

Blood Tests: A complete blood count (CBC) helps assess the number and characteristics of blood cells, providing initial clues for further investigation.

Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy: A sample of bone marrow is collected from the hipbone and examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of abnormal cells.

Cytogenetic Analysis: This test identifies the Philadelphia chromosome, a genetic abnormality characteristic of CML.

Molecular Tests: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detect specific genetic mutations associated with CML.

Medical Imaging: Imaging techniques like X-rays, CT scans, or ultrasounds help determine the extent of organ involvement and check for an enlarged spleen or liver.