What is Toxic Shock Syndrome? Its Signs, Causes, Diagnosis, Complications, and Risk Factors

To begin with, it is necessary to admit that a toxic shock syndrome is not frequently met in the US and other regions. The core of the problem is a bacterial infection, which is rather dangerous and life-threatening. It is best characterized by two adjectives: rapid and dramatic. In medical language, a toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is an acute disease, often predetermined by infection with either Staphylococcus aureus or group A Streptococcus. The second one is also called simply GAS. The harmful bacteria penetrate the organism and start producing dangerous toxic elements. Although the problem can happen to the person of any age, race, and gender, women who prefer tampons over the sanitary napkin are at higher risk of facing this trouble. The condition progresses with the speed of light, making it one of the most dangerous infections in the world. When left untreated properly and urgently, the condition kills the victim. It is possible to recover in full only in case of early medical treatment and care.

It is curious to learn more about the symptoms of TSS. There is no organ of preference when it comes to the causing bacteria – it may spread in any part of the body, progressing too fast. In most cases, such organs as lungs, liver, and pancreas suffer most of all. The problem also affects the human skin. All patients without any exceptions report of the extremely high, long-lasting fevers and eruption on the surface. Kidneys, liver, and lings usually feel discomfort too. To be more specific, it is important to measure body temperature. If it achieves the level of 102 F (38.9 C) or more, it most probably means that TSS has reached its peak. People complain of having regular, harsh headaches. The muscles also become weak during the illness period. The patients start coughing just like they do when catching a cold or flu. The infected person feels bad, wishing to vomit frequently. The problems with bowel movement are also present (e.g., constipation or diarrhea). The ache in the abdomen is another typical feature. The patients share they feel dizzy and lightheaded or even end up fainting sometimes. It makes them rather confused. To end up, the symptoms are supported by the rather low blood pressure.