How to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome? According to the consensus on the diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome, adopted at the beginning of this century in Rotterdam, the main diagnostic criteria for the disease are:
1. Disturbance of ovulation manifested as a reduction in the frequency of ovulation or its complete absence. An indicator of this condition is a disorder of the menstrual cycle according to the type of oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea.
2. Clinical and laboratory signs of increasing levels of androgens in the body of a woman.
3. Ultrasound study that confirms polycystic ovary syndrome. The presence of two of the three above criteria can serve as the basis for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome.
What methods are effective for treatment? There is no uniform method for treatment. How many “faces” in this pathology, as many treatment schemes, and for each patient, such scheme is selected individually. The leading professional associations recommend such approach in Europe and the United States. Previously it was believed that the only way to cope with PCOS is to designate hormonal contraceptives that have anti-androgenic properties, but this is just one of the possible components of treatment. It all depends on the reason for the development of polycystic, what organs and systems are involved in the disease, what symptoms of PCOS are manifested.
Attention is paid to reduction of excessive body weight. In addition, to consult a gynecologist, it is also necessary to see a dietician, to do exercise, to use medical drugs. If the problem in the excess synthesis of male sex hormones, increased production of prolactin or insulin then doctors prescribe appropriate medications that affect the hormonal background. Not so long ago, PCOS was treated, mainly, quickly, but today the operation is performed only if other methods are ineffective. In most cases, as a result of a comprehensive treatment program, it is possible to restore normal ovarian function, which also makes it possible to bear and give birth to a child successfully.