What is Porphyria? Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes Types and Risk Factors

Before discussing such aspects as symptoms and diagnosis, it is important to define the term “porphyria.” It is a rather rare disorder, which influences the body skin or entire nervous system. The disorder may also lead to the abdominal ache. It belongs to the group of inherited disorders. It means that the problem is passed by the ‘bad genes.’ It happens because the natural chemicals gather and develop in the human body. That is how the porphyrin expands. This element is necessary for the proper work of hemoglobin. It is important for us to absorb enough amounts of oxygen to have all organs working properly. On the other hand, when the person has a high level of porphyria, it causes certain negative effects. The acute type of this health condition attacks nervous system while the cutaneous one deals with the skin.

Here are some typical symptoms you should remember. First, let’s focus on the acute porphyria. This disorder attacks the nervous system. As a result, the patient experiences the conservation of the excessive fluid amount in the stomach. It causes a swelling sensation. Because of the problems with the abdomen, the digestive tract also suffers. The person has problematic bowel movements such as diarrhea, constipation, and bloating. The doctors report about having regular pains in the chest and muscles. Overall, the person feels extra weak and sick. The extremities are running out of energy. Such patients often wake up at night, being unable to take the pain any longer. In the end, they become paranoid and extremely anxious without any obvious reasons. In addition, the person may be running out of breath or experiencing problems with the blood pressure and heart.