There are many skin-related problems known today, and scabies is just one of them. It is one of the most annoying skin issues just like acne or sunburn. On the whole, the symptoms remain on the body for a while, and it is rather difficult to get rid of the consequences. Unlike the problems caused by the age of transition or personal hygiene, this problem usually reveals some serious conditions going on inside the organism.
What is Scabies?
That is an infectious skin disease, which means it can be transferred from person to person under certain circumstances. The core source of the problem is a nasty little mite which bites people and gets deep into their skin. A Sarcoptes scabiei is the official medical name of this tiny creature, hard to recognize with the naked eye.
Causes of Problem
The major cause of the problem is a sexual act between two people. Also, people may catch the tick in the places of its location and reproduction. Other types of physical contacts with the patients are also dangerous, including handshaking or hugging.
A certain type of acarus, Sarcoptes scabiei, is the major source of scabies. The mite tries to get deep under the victim’s skin to continue its development and reproduction. The risks are higher when people travel in the zones populated by these mites. They are barely met in the United States, so it’s not that easy to catch the disease. Once the mite discovers a perfect place for its eggs under the skin, it leaves a lot of potential bugs in the sores. The maggots move up, closer to the top layers of the skin.
The most common reason for the disease to occur is the act of intimacy between two people. However, it does not always end up catching the disease. Any other close acts of communication like handshaking may lead to scabies as well in case one of the individuals is infected. The disease is rather contagious. Except for the sexual contact, one should watch his hygiene! The infected person may pass the mite via elements of wardrobe and personal hygiene like towels. In most cases, those who live under one roof are under the highest threat. That is why doctors recommend isolating the infected patients for a while. On the genetic level, kids may get it as the consequence of one of their parents being infected at least once.
Symptoms and Signs of Scabies
The mite is delivered by the infected person to people around under certain conditions like close communication (e.g. act of intimacy). The infected person will be unaware of the problem for at least six weeks or even longer as the signs most often do not show up faster. Only those who have suffered from the disease earlier will feel the symptoms faster as they know how it feels. The main visual symptoms include:
- Skin itchiness
- Reddish and other types of rash
You will find your skin very itchy, covered with the red rash all over the injured areas. The patients often wake up at night being sweaty as the discomfort feeling like the desire to scratch the damaged regions is most vivid during this time.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Before turning to different radical measures like antibiotics, it is important to attend health care provider to conduct a full examination. If your skin gets pinky, reddish, lumpy, or cover with spots, it can be the symptom of various mild and severe skin problems. To determine whether it is really scabies, it is critical to consult your personal health care provider, but be ready that it is rather difficult to define this disease: the mites are too small to see them with the naked eye. To identify scabies, make sure the visual signs appear in six or even more weeks. So, in about a month, you will notice the problem on your skin. The doctor should observe all infected, burning areas of the body to make a final conclusion.
Several tests will help to identify the nasty mite under your skin. Once the diagnosis is known, the treatment should start immediately. At least a single Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis should be discovered to conclude with the health condition. Such tools will assist in checking out:
- Medical knife
- Microscope (to observe the tissue samples closely)
In case the mite is too deep, the doctor has to remove it using something sharp, and then see whether it is a particular type of mite. To do so, only microscope can help as the parasites are too tiny. Based on what he or she sees, the doctors come up with the diagnosis and recommended medicine.
Specific antibiotics prescribed by the health care provider is the best way to get rid of the rash and its consequences, but don’t hurry up to purchase anything on your own.